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|Date:||3/9/2014 3:36:06 AM
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|Hi Susan & the gang
DAY 21----No BLOG #20
How are u sweetie? Today, we will cover FROSTBITE & HEATSTROKE.
Frostbite is an emergency because, in a moderate case, the bird's toes could be lost; or, in a severe case, the bird could die.
SIGNS -- The frostbitten area will be very painful, cold & hard to the touch. After several days the affected area may become very hard, dry & dark black in color.
HOME TREATMENT -- place the bird in a warm environment (85° to 90°F.). U can use a heat lamp or a hot water bottle wrapped in a towel. Take extreme care not to burn the bird. Warm up the damaged tissue very gradually in a warm circulating water bath. Food & water should be easily accessible to bird. Monitor the air temp to avoid overheating. Determine the cause of the chilling. Watch for signs of shock (blog #11). If it is due to environmental conditions such as power outage or drafts, fix the problem or locate the bird. Ur avian vet will want to examine ur bird.
VETERINARY TREATMENT -- Ur avian vet will warm the bird gradually by placing her in an incubator & administering intravenous (IV) fluids. Ur avian vet will want to examine the bird.
PREVENTION -- Keep birds indoors during extremely cold weather. Most pet birds can tolerate outdoor temps that dip down to 30°F. Cold temps combined with dampness &/or wind will create an ideal environment for frostbite to develop. Birds housed outdoors in cold weather should not be kept on metal perches.
Overheated birds can go into shock quickly.
Heatstroke most commonly occurs if:
*The bird is kept in a cage in direct sunlight where there is no shade or shelter from the sun.
*A bird is in a vehicle with the windows closed or with inadequate ventilation.
*Too much supplemental heat, in the form of a heat lamp or heating pad, is supplied.
*The bird is wrapped in a towel (a common method of restraint) for an excessive length of time.
SIGNS -- An environment that is very warm & a bird that is panting, holding her wings down & away from her body. The bird will also be extremely weak & could go into shock or a coma. Overheating tends to occur more commonly in birds that are overweight, so keep ur bird at its ideal weight. Heatstrokevi?+
HOME TREATMENT -- First, remove the bird from her hot environment & place her in a cool area. Start to reduce her body temp by placing her in an air-conditioned room, in front of a fan, or spraying her with cool water from a misting bottle. Make sure the feathers are wet to the skin. Offer the bird cool water to drink if she is able, or begin to give her a few drops of cool water by mouth. Contact ur avian vet's office for further instructions.
VETERINARY TREATMENT -- In addition to general supportive care, the patient will be placed in a cool, well-oxygenated & moist environment. Dehydration can be treated by administering fluids. The bird should be closely monitored for at least 24 hours.
PREVENTION -- You can reduce ur bird's chances of
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