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Date:9/19/2014 8:10:24 AM
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Hi Tango
Hi everybirdie. Zeena here today with another very unique and endangered bird that is fighting for survival .The Nicobar Pigeon.
The Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) is a pigeon found on small islands and in coastal regions from the Nicobar Islands, east through the Malay Archipelago, to the Solomons and Palau. It is the only living member of the genus Caloenas. They drink water without having to raise their heads in the process; their chicks are helpless at birth but develop at an amazing pace . What is more, they forage for fruits of plants that have evolved with them the entire time. The Nicobar is planning and planting forests as they forge and eat.


It is a large pigeon, measuring 18-22 inches in length. The head is grey, like the upper neck plumage, which turns into green and copper hackles towards the breast. The breast is grey. The tail is very short and pure white. The rest of its plumage is metallic green. The cere of the dark bill forms a small blackish knob; the strong legs and feet are dull red. The iris is dark. Females are slightly smaller and less colorful.

The Nicobar pigeon roams in flocks from island to island, sleeping on offshore islets where no predators occur and spends the day in areas with better food availability,. Its food consists of seeds, fruit and buds, and it is attracted to areas where grain is available. A gizzard stone helps to grind up hard food items. Its flight is quick. Unlike other pigeons groups fly in columns or single file, not in a loose flock. The white tail is prominent in flight when seen from behind . The young birds' lack of a white tail is a signal of their immaturity clearly visible to an adult Nicobar pigeon, it is obvious at a glance which flockmembers are neither potential mates, nor potential competitors for mates.

This species nests in dense forest on offshore islets, often in large colonies. It builds a loose stick nest in a tree. It lays one elliptical faintly blue-tinged white egg.

Nicobar pigeons are hunted in considerable numbers for food, and also for their gizzard stone which is used in jewelry. The species is also trapped for the local pet market, but as it is on CITES Appendix I, such trade is generally illegal. Internationally, captive breeding is able to supply the birds demanded by zoos, where this attractive and unusual bird is often seen. Direct exploitation of the species, including the illegal trade, might be sustainable on its own; however, its available nesting habitat is decreasing. The offshore islets which it requires are often logged for plantations, destroyed by construction ,or polluted by nearby industry. Also, increased travel introduced predators to the breeding sites, and colonies of the Nicobar pigeon may be driven to desert such locations or be destroyed outright. There is an estimated 1,000 adult birds remaining, its long-term future is increasingly being jeopardized.

with love & scritches Zeena 255116
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Hi my name's Captain Darling-RIP 5/19/2014

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