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Amazon Parrot Behavior Revealed

Find out how to work with the behavior of this energetic bird species

By John Geary

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Amazon parrots require a firm hand in order to live a healthy, happy life in a home. “Nippiness can be a problem, but it’s a matter of people modifying their behavior rather than expecting the bird to change,” explained Diana Holloway, president of the Amazona Society. “You do have to be a match for an Amazon — you need to be an outgoing person, as they can overwhelm you.”

Some Amazon parrot species are nippier than others. Lilac-crowned Amazons have a reputation for their gentle nature, and may have to be really pushed to bite. “The only time Captain, my lilac crown, will try to bite me is when he doesn’t want to be picked up, or when my macaw is out, because he hates the macaw,” said bird enthusiast Sherri Gleason of California.

Amazon Parrot Behavior
Amazon parrots can be nippy, so it's important to read their body language.

Sexual Maturity
One important aspect of Amazon parrot behavior involves the way they may change upon reaching sexual maturity. Amazon parrots can become much more aggressive in a breeding cycle than many other large parrots. “The males especially, when mature, can become untrustworthy,” stated Wayne Davey, a former Canadian World Parrot Trust director and a senior keeper at the Niagara Falls Aviary. “One of the rules about Amazons (as with all large parrots) is never keep them close to your head. I know one lady who always kept her hand-fed Amazon close to her face. One day it bit her really badly, and she needed stitches and plastic surgery. Needless to say, she didn’t want the bird any more.”

On the other hand, some Amazon parrots may pass through breeding season with barely a ripple. “People hear about [hormonal aggression], and people write about it, but it does not always happen,” said Holloway. “But once in a while, you’ll get a bird with very high testosterone.”

To avoid undesirable situations, be aware of the potential aggressiveness as well as how you behave toward your pet. People often unwittingly stimulate a bird while petting it. There are times you may need to ease up on the affection, particularly strokes on your bird’s back, under its wings or around its tail area.

Said Davey, “At certain times of the year, with male Amazons, you may not want to handle them as much, as they can get aggressive. Females can also get that way, but it tends to be worse with males.”

While you may want to reduce handling your bird or change how you handle it during a breeding phase, leaving your bird cage-bound all day is not an option. Like most large parrots, Amazon parrots require at least four hours a day out of their cages. During a breeding cycle, you may need to handle your bird with a stick or towel. “It’s crucial that people stick train or towel train their birds so they can still handle them in difficult circumstances,” said Sussanne Hardy, an animal health technician and bird behavior consultant at Vancouver’s Night Owl Bird Hospital.

Most Amazon parrots respond favorably to stepping up onto a wooden dowel. Those that don’t may step up onto your hand wrapped in a thick towel to protect your arm from bites.

Diet modifications can also help. Limiting starches and sugars during the breeding cycle is a good idea. Feeding a bird too much corn or too many grapes during a hormonal cycle can increase its hormones tenfold. Amazon parrots also have a tendency to be more aggressive toward other species than their own when in a breeding cycle, something to consider if you keep other species of birds.

Amazon Parrot Noise Levels
Another Amazon parrot behavior concern is noise; they can be very raucous, particularly in the morning or evening. In the wild, they usually participate in loud squawking sessions at those times, and this behavior is often evident in captivity.

For this reason, Amazon parrots are not good choices for those who live in apartments or close living quarters where their constant chatter can irritate neighbors — or even other family members, for that matter.

Amazon Parrots & Bathing
As rain forest animals, regular bathing is very important for healthy Amazon parrots, particularly if you live in a dry climate or in a colder area where heaters run all winter.

“They thrive on being bathed,” said Holloway. Many Amazon parrot owners take their birds right into the showers with them. Others use a spray bottle to regularly mist their birds.

Interacting With Amazon Parrots
Companion Amazon parrots seem to vary in terms of how they interact with other members of their “flock,” whether that flock dynamic consists of humans, humans and other birds or humans, birds and other animals. They can get along with other birds and family pets, but they can also be aggressive toward them, so supervise an Amazon parrot when it is out of the cage.

Different bird species will behave differently even if brought up the same way, in the same home. “Max, my Mealy, is very laid-back and easygoing,” said Anna Teets, a Calgary bird enthusiast and president of the Alberta city’s parrot club. “My two orange wings, Bailey and Reese, are very playful, and Elmo, my female red lore is fairly shy but very cuddly.”

While Amazon parrots often develop closer bonds with one chosen person in the family over others, that doesn’t mean they are cut off from others in the human-avian flock. “Even if you don’t seem to be the favorite person of an Amazon, you can still have a great relationship with that bird, it will just be different,” said Hardy.

The family takes the place of its wild flock, so involve your Amazon parrot in family activities. That includes meals, TV-watching, celebrations and games.

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Reader Comments
I have a 33yr old Amizons that rearly get out of her cages becouse she is inpasible to get back in with out scaring her and getting hurt yourself. Her cage is large with lots of toys. How bad is this for her? She was captured in the wild and I have owned her all her life. She talks a lot ,eats well,has beautiful feathers. She is and has always had a missing right eye.
paula, wasilla, AK
Posted: 3/17/2016 6:50:54 PM
I really enjoyed this article. It helped me learn a little more about our yellow naped amazon. He was welcomed into the family even before I was. I am now 30 years old. I always saw him and felt a kinship. I was a little girl visiting my Grandmother in her home (he is her bird) every other summer. I enjoyed sitting and talking with him during those summer visits. She brought him down to Florida to the town I live and he and I are great friends. My family thinks I'm nuts because he prefers me (the only female ever). I like that he is a part of the family and may belong to my daughter's family as the years go by. I think she and him have the same type of bond he and I shared when I was young. At 34 years old he is lively, funny, can be very aggressive, healthy and shows no signs of any health problems. I enjoy his funny remarks...but he does LOVE to yell in the morning and in the evening. I would like to know if there are any types of behaviors to be on the look out for since he is an older bird that could indicate he is ill. Also, if I haven't seen him in a while and he gets a bit worked up/too excited...he'll regurgitate his food. Is this normal?
Jennifer, Panama City, FL
Posted: 2/3/2015 7:50:55 PM
Great article - not "scary" like others I've read on Amazons. Mine was a rescue and it took some time before he moved in with me, then I started reading about behaviors and terrified I'd brought a flying demon into my home. He gets nippy, can be ornery, but is a love and I'm so glad he's part of my family now.
Tracey, Hill Country, TX
Posted: 11/23/2010 8:24:20 PM
I enjoyed the article. My Amazon was 1 1/2 when I accuired him from the breeder, he is 7 now.

He recently started this biting or nipping of my arm when he (kioni) steps up.

He is pretending to be a good boy and nails me and my husband. What do you recommend to correct this problem?
Donna, Akron, NY
Posted: 11/16/2010 1:35:35 PM
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