Your E-mail:
What's your bird's bathing style?


Printer Friendly

Bird Terms: The Terms You Need To Know

Definitions of words used by pet bird enthusiasts with the pet bird slant.

By Allison M. Strickland

Allopreening: The communal grooming of feathers birds practice when living in flocks. More information about allopreening here.

Aves: The class of birds or a category in biological taxonomy ranking.

Aviary: A very large enclosure, usually outside, that houses multiple birds. Some include bird-safe plants and trees.

Aviculture: The breeding and keeping of birds in a domestic setting.

Bristles: Feathers that look more like hair, found mostly around a bird’s eyes, nares and beak.

Cere: A soft, waxy-looking structure above the beak.

Cloaca: The terminal area of the digestive, renal and reproductive systems; divided into three sections: coprodeum, urodeum and proctodeum.

Clutch: A group of eggs laid by a female bird during one nesting period.

Coverts: Smaller feathers covering a bird’s large wing and tail feathers.

Crop: At the base of the esophagus, a pouch-like enlargement of the gullet that acts as a storage area for food and passes metered masses of food into a bird’s gastrointestinal tract.

Cuttlebone: A dietary supplement of calcium carbonate, from cuttlefish. More about the cuttlebone here.

Dimorphic: A visible difference in the size, coloring or other physical characteristics between male and female birds.

Down feathers: Hidden under the contour feathers on adult birds. Very soft and insulating feathers.

Eye pinning: The rapid dilation and contraction of a bird’s irises. Eye pinning indicates excitement or fear.

Feather picking:  A behavior occurring when a bird over-preens itself, leading to feather damage.

Flock: A social group of birds.

Grit: A fine rock or gravel fed to certain bird species that aids the grinding of food in the gizzard. Parrots do not need grit.

Hand-fed: A pet bird fed by humans until it was weaned.

Hardbills: Birds such as canaries and finches that mainly eat seeds and nuts.

Hookbill: Another name for a parrot; refers to its curved beak.

Hornbills:  Birds of the family Bucerotidae that have a large bill surmounted with a protruding “horn” called a casque.

Lore: Area between the eyes and the bill on each side of a bird’s face.

Lutino: A color mutation in a bird, such as in a cockatiel, ranging from white to creamy yellow.

Mandible:  Lower bird bill; Maxilla – Upper bird bill

Millet: A low-fat, high -carbohydrate seed.

Molt: When a bird loses its feathers and grows new ones.

Nape: Back of the bird’s neck.

Nares: Two round openings in the cere that carry air into a bird’s sinus cavity.

Neonate: A bird in its first few days of life. It is blind and helpless.

Nest box: A small wooden or metal enclosure, which parrots can lay eggs in.

Nestling: A baby bird still in the nest.

Neutral room: An unfamiliar room or space in an owner’s home where the bird is nonterritorial.

Night thrashing:  When a bird is startled at night and blindly flies around its cage (predominantly in cockatiels).

Nocturnal: Birds that are active at night.

Passerine: Of or relating to the Order (a category in a biological taxonomy ranking) called Passeriformes, which includes finches, canaries and other small perching birds.

Pellets: A manufactured food source designed for bird’s nutritional needs.

Pied: A pattern mutation that shows up as patchy, splotchy feather coloring.

Preening: The bird’s self-grooming, which helps clean and maintain feathers.

Primaries: Main flight feathers on the outer part of the wings.

Psittacine: Of or relating to the Order (a category in biological taxonomy ranking) called Psittaciformes, which consists of the various hookbills.

Sexing: Determining the gender of a bird.

Softbills: Birds, such as mynahs or toucans, which mainly eat soft foods, including fruit, insects or nectar.

Vent: The outer opening of the cloaca; through this single opening all cloacal contents exit the body.

Waxbills: Finch-like birds of the family Estrilididae. However, not all finches are classified as waxbills.

Weaning: The process where a baby bird goes from being fed warm, wet, mushy food to eating solid foods on its own.


 Give us your opinion on
Bird Terms: The Terms You Need To Know

Submit a Comment or
Join Club
Earn 1,000 points! What's this?
Reader Comments
Useful to know.
Ann, Keokuk, IA
Posted: 7/23/2010 6:28:13 AM
interesting
Lau, Mtl, QC
Posted: 5/14/2010 11:35:05 AM
Great List for the new bird owner
Debbie, fountain, CO
Posted: 3/25/2010 11:22:55 AM
ditto about good start for 'newbies'
Frank, Summerville, SC
Posted: 3/17/2010 10:01:30 PM
View Current Comments
Top Products
d
BirdChannel Home | Bird Breeders | Bird Species | Related Links | BirdChannel Editors and Contributors
DOGS | CATS | FISH | HORSE | REPTILE | SMALL ANIMALS | HOBBY FARMS
                       | Birds USA |  
Disclaimer: The posts and threads recorded in our message boards do not reflect the opinions of nor are endorsed by I-5 Publishing, LLC nor any of its employees. We are not responsible for the content of these posts and threads.
Copyright ©  I-5 Publishing, LLC. All rights reserved.
Our Privacy Policy has changed. Your California Privacy Right/Privacy Policy
Advertise With Us  |  SiteMap  |  Contact Us  |  Terms of Use  |  Community Guidelines | Bird eClub Terms
BirdChannel Newsletter Signup | Link to Us | About Us | More Great I-5 Sites
Gold Standard

*Content generated by our loyal visitors, which includes comments and club postings, is free of constraints from our editors’ red pens, and therefore not governed by I-5 Publishing, LLC’s Gold Standard Quality Content, but instead allowed to follow the free form expression necessary for quick, inspired and spontaneous communication.

Become a fan of BirdChannel on Facebook Follow BirdChannel on Twitter
Get social and connect with BirdChannel.



Hi my name's Baxter THANKS FOR BOTD!!!:)

Visit the Photo Gallery to
cast your vote!
Information on over 200 critter species