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Mitred Conure from Kaysville, UT
Juni

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Thank you SO much everyone for helping me become BOTM March 2012!

Mommy walked into the pet store to look at cockatoos. She decided to look around at the other birds for a minute and when she walked to the conures, waddled up her arm, and refused to come down. After she finally got me off, she walked around the store again. But every time she looked back, I gave her 'the look'. She knew she just had to have me, but I was expensive! Some family of hers offered to let her borrow some money and she got me that same night. Now we are best friends!
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My Bird Stats
I've had 26122 friends visit me.

I'm the 18,283rd member on BirdChannel.com.

3,262 friends have voted for me since I joined Bird eClub!
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Active within 540 Days

Hi! My name is Juni

I am a Mitred Conure from Kaysville, UT.

My full name is Juniper Cherry but mommy usually calls me Juni B. Jiggers or Stinker Buggers. Interesting, huh?

4 years old   M

Mitred Conure

My normal food favorites are all fruits, all veggies (except avocado), all pasta, and PEANUT BUTTER!

My favorite (not)normal foods are window blinds, clothing, zippers, and jewelry.


My favorite hang out spots are by mommy, close to mommy, snuggling with mommy, sitting on mommy, hiding behind mommy's hair, and anywhere else that has to do with mommy.

A few of my pet peeves are birds bigger than me, annoying little tiel fiblings, and not enough out of cage time.

Mommy is my whole world! I am her faithful guardian and in return, she is my mommy. I'm like her watch dog, I never let her out of my sight. I've attacked numerous people who have gotten too close to her. We couldn't live without each other!

My quirky habits are chewing on just about EVERYTHING, shrieking at the top of my lungs when mommy leaves the room, and many other things that I don't have time to name..

If I have access to it and it fits in my beak, don't expect to ever see it again..

My Family Photos
Roll over photos to view in frame.

Bird Blog
DescriptionDate & TimeEditDelete
  Hi Juni
Flying by to say "hi". Haven't heard from you in ages. The bird club will be gone by fall. This is the last we have together.
Hugs
Chyna

Come visit me, Chyna & Bailey ♥ RIP.

01/31/2014 06:51.35 PM Report This Comment  
  hi Juni
flying by to wish you a happy hatchday

love Cori and Boo Boo

Come visit me, Paddy Cake & Piddy Girl VOTE ZEENA BOTM 255116, CORI reigning champ on feed the birdie & BOO BOO VOTE ZEENA BOTM 255116.

07/08/2013 08:59.52 PM Report This Comment  
  Heya, Juni!
Wherever you are, I know you are getting some special attention from you flockily, and hope that you only know days filled with love and treats!!

Happy Hatchday!
Kaji

Come visit me, Kaji ~ Vote ZEENA #255116 BOTM in July!.

07/08/2013 06:54.45 PM Report This Comment  
  Happy Hatchday Juni
HOpe you get all the attention, toys, and TREATS you deserve.
How is mom's art going?
Polly of the peanut bed

Come visit me, Polly; V4 ZEENA #255116 BOTM; Red White Blue & Zippy; V4 Zeena #255116 BOTM Fireworks time.

07/08/2013 05:46.53 PM Report This Comment  
  Hi Juni
Where have you been? Wishing you a very HAPPY HATCHDAY and many more. Enjoy your special day.
Hugs
Chyna

Come visit me, Chyna & Bailey ♥ RIP.

07/08/2013 01:12.52 PM Report This Comment  
  Happy Hatch Day, Juni
Wishing you a special day filled with treats and toys! Enjoy!
Picabo & flock

Come visit me, Scion, Budgies, Kiwi & Button, Limon & Lima, Squeaky, Picabo: Vote Zeena BOTM @ 255116! & Angel Alfie (RIP).

07/08/2013 12:28.04 PM Report This Comment  
  Hey Juni!
Happy Hatch Day to youuuuuuuuu! Hope you have a great day today with lots of snuggles, toys and treats!
Love,
Raffikki

Come visit me, Raffi and Pumbaa say Have Great Summer!.

07/08/2013 10:36.32 AM Report This Comment  
  Hello Juni~
Sugar here to perform the hatchday song just for you! Are you ready??

AHEM~
LA LA LA LA~~

Happy Hatchday to you! cha cha cha
Happy Hatchday to you! cha cha cha
Happy Hatchday dear, wonderful, awesome Juni!
Happy Hatchday to you! cha cha cha
And Many Mooooooooore~~CHA CHA CHA

I hope all is well and that your special day is as special as you are! I think about you and your awesome mom every time I look at my portrait!
Hatchday hugs buddy ~

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

07/08/2013 10:36.09 AM Report This Comment  
  Happy Hatchday!
Hey Juni, we hope it's your best one ever. We haven't seen you in a long time, hope all is well. Hugs, Falco and Willie

Come visit me, Gizmo, I miss you, sweet boy, Willie, Kaji, TiPaul, and Sky for 10k!, Peppino, In Divo's memory & Falco, Mikey and Chipper for 10k.

07/08/2013 08:45.12 AM Report This Comment  
  Hi, Juni,
Happy 3rd Hatchday. Hope it's your best ever. Here's a vote in celebration. May you have lots of treats, toys and attention. Wing hugs, Pearl and Silver.

PS: Hope the flock and family are well, we miss seeing you here on BC.

Come visit me, Pearl & Silver.

07/08/2013 05:17.45 AM Report This Comment  
  •°•° A Very Happy New Year to You!! •°•°
Guess what my new year resolution is? To be on Birdchannel as much as I can and be with all my friends! And I'm starting that resolution TODAY(: I'm so excited to be back. Mother promised she'll be on here as much as possible!

How has your 2013 gone so far? Mother's hasn't been so fantastic, there has been a lot of drama, and on the First, Mother's Uncle died. She wasn't close to that Uncle, but of course she feels horrible for his wife & adult children. If you could say some prayers for his family & friends, we'd appreciate it greatly!

Mother's resolution is to take better care of & spend more time with her many pets, me included of course! So I've been getting lots of mommy time, which I love. I've actually just uploaded a whole bunch of new photos, but believe me, there are many more to come! I can't wait for you to see them all(:

What's your new years resolution? I hope that your 2013 is off to a better start that ours! Have a great day dear friend... xo, Spirit Cloude♥


"Use what talents you possess: the woods would be very silent if no birds sang there except those that sang best." - Henry Van Dyke

Come visit me, Daisy ♥ & Spirit Cloude ♥.

01/03/2013 02:56.23 PM Report This Comment  
  Hey Juni,
I like your friend, I have one too, well before I became an Angel that is.

Here's an Angel vote for you.

Happy New Yearz! :0

How have you been?

Love from above,

Angel Sallykins

Come visit me, Angel Sally says smile when you think of us Angels, Pookie says I've been twitter patted !! & Laka Aolani says have a safe summer !! :)..

01/02/2013 10:26.59 PM Report This Comment  
  I NEED SOME INFO ABOUT U TO INPUT ON MY BOTM WINNER'S CIRCLE PG

q.and a's
what was ur campaign blog topic? was it about peanuts??
tell me how u act.
b.w.c=BOTM WINNER'S CIRCLE PG

Come visit me, chaka's campaign story, Prayer Requests, Chaka#215291 ty 4 botd 062914, Botm Winners Circle-VOTE SPOT & CHAKA & CALY'S BUFFET & GROCERY.

11/27/2012 02:50.43 PM Report This Comment  
  HI JUNI
GUESS WHAT IVE BEEN RUNNING FOR BOTM THIS MONTH
MISS U
CHAKA

Come visit me, chaka's campaign story, Prayer Requests, Chaka#215291 ty 4 botd 062914, Botm Winners Circle-VOTE SPOT & CHAKA & CALY'S BUFFET & GROCERY.

10/19/2012 03:21.17 PM Report This Comment  
  Hello Juni~
Stopping by to say hello and see how everything is going with you!
I'm doing okay out here. We have lovely fall weather and I'm enjoying it.
Mom is off for a few days so we are just hanging out and having fun.
Hope you have a wonderful Sunday!
Love, hugs and a vote ~ Sugar

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

10/07/2012 12:37.35 PM Report This Comment  
  Hi Juni,
well, finally...Taz is pretty much caught up so we get some time on the puter...
I wouldn't mind being queen but what would the theme of my campaign be? I would not want to do it again for at least a few months. You are so sweet for wanting to nominate little old me...
It was fun hanging out with you and getting stuffed on popcorn.
I agree the milonga was fun and this month's sounds like it will be fun...I love Halloween themes....
Come on over to the castle and we can hang out there...that is the nice thing about Taz's run...hehe

Wing hugs and love, Jewels

Come visit me, TAZ ~ SUMMER IS HERE..., Scoober ♥ Chyna...Happy Hatchday Sweetie, CHICA ~ Justice for Ozzi, ROSIE ~ HAPPY SPRING, NAPOLEON & CHI CHI ON THE LAKE, SUZI ~ IN THE WATER WITH GUS, THE GREY'T GREY WINGS - THANKS TEAM, The Proctors... CONGRATULATIONS TO THE HAWKS!, SIMON~THANKS EVERYBIRDIE 4 MY HATCH & BOTD WISHES, Chloe ~ MISS YOU SO MUCH GIZZY ♥ & JEWELS ~ Sum, Sum, Summertime.

10/04/2012 11:14.00 PM Report This Comment  
  Hey Juni!!
Kiwi here!! Yeah we're back in Utah!! Been here about a month now and we are loving it. Mt. Pleasant is the town. I get to go to town with mom when she walks...shows ya how small it is. Anyhow, we get to go outside every day while the sun shines. Do miss the humidity a little but this is great here. Mom and dad used to live here many years ago so it's like coming home for them. We don't have real internet yet so we gotta rely on wifi which isn't that reliable. But now mom says we can get on once in a while for a chat.
Okay, heres the scuttlebutt from here...Mom was talking to skin sis on the phone when there was a MAJOR to-do going on in the other room. Well, when she got there Oats and Ipo were really having it out IN Oatie's cage! For a change Oats was on top..literally..and I was on the door sill and egging them on. Boy was I cheering! First for Ipo then for Oatie! When Oats saw mom she pushed me out of the doorway (I ended up on the floor) and Ipo was climbing the sides of the cage as fast as her conure legs would take her. Mom left me on the floor and took Ipo out then put Oats on her perch and closed her door. Then I got put back on his perch. Later after all had calmed down she held everyone, at different times of course, telling them either how good they were (Oatie) or how they should leave other birds alone in their own cages (ipo) or how improper it is to egg a fight (me) Of course I was telling mom how he was "trying to break it up". Mom didn't fall for it at all. But all in all no one got put in jail. Oats likes her door locked so it isn't a bad thing for her. She's got some nasty nips on her chest and belly too. Mom feels so bad for her since mom forgot to close the door after feeding. And Oats was winning today too.
Sure like your "friend" there. Looks pretty close to you. Do you get to play with it?
RATS! Mom says it's someone elses turn. Catch ya later.

Come visit me, Pimer--formerly Jack Jack, Sophie O'Too, Sidney ~~ALWAYS IN MY HEART~~6/1996-2/2013, Ipo *SPRING IS SHOWING ITS FACE*, Shaggy--2010-2013, Oatie Odette *Thank you for the honor 11/27/13 & Punkin *My Dearest Little One--RIP*.

10/03/2012 01:16.56 PM Report This Comment  
  Hello Juni~
I hope you are having a wonderful day. Today it didn't clear up in the afternoon but it's not really raining. Sort of misty. It's been a nice summer but I'm glad autumn is here. It's our favorite time of year! Mom is going to get out the little pumpkins she puts on the mantel laters. I love seeing them! It hasn't been cold enough to have to use the fireplace but it looks so pretty when it's on and all the decorations sparkle!
Mom had to take dad to get a test done today. It's just part of his physical and he is just fine. I got stuck in solitary! Brother and sister came in to check on me but I really wanted mom home so I could get out of the night cage! When she got home we had lunch and I got my fruit bowl. I was so happy!! We still have lots of chores to get done but mom was on the phone with her aunt for a long time so we haven't gotten anything done. Mom says the chores will still be there later! Right now I just wanted to get some notes out so my friends know I'm thinking about them!
I hope you have a wonderful evening! Stomping out a vote and sending hugs your way!
Love you ~ Sugar

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

09/21/2012 06:40.45 PM Report This Comment  
  Juni, you made me a very happy bird
today, mom has not been over to my page for a couple of days since my frother, Taz is running for BOTM and he is hogging the computer...lol

Did you know Sallykins? She passed away just a while ago and it was a very sad time here. She was a good friend of mine...

I could use a hug from you...and I would love to have you come over and hang out with me...

That is so cool that you can now say that you are a pretty bird...I think that you are very handsome...

Not much new happening over here except that there is a lot of noise going on outside and mom says they are working on her new sun room...she says that we are going to love it cause we will be able to sit out there with mom and enjoy the sunshine and be safe...

The next Milonga is on September 22nd, this coming Saturday. It is going to be a Tango Milonga so wear your formal tux and I will wear my best dress if you can make it...I sure hope so...

I missed you, love, Jewels ♥

Come visit me, TAZ ~ SUMMER IS HERE..., Scoober ♥ Chyna...Happy Hatchday Sweetie, CHICA ~ Justice for Ozzi, ROSIE ~ HAPPY SPRING, NAPOLEON & CHI CHI ON THE LAKE, SUZI ~ IN THE WATER WITH GUS, THE GREY'T GREY WINGS - THANKS TEAM, The Proctors... CONGRATULATIONS TO THE HAWKS!, SIMON~THANKS EVERYBIRDIE 4 MY HATCH & BOTD WISHES, Chloe ~ MISS YOU SO MUCH GIZZY ♥ & JEWELS ~ Sum, Sum, Summertime.

09/20/2012 04:29.01 PM Report This Comment  
  Hi Juni,
Taz here, I am Jewel's frother and I am running for BOTM so if you can whenever you are on BC vote for me that would be great. I do know that Jewels misses you a lot.

My theme for my campaign is Recipes and here is the first one...


Thank you all for your support and votes…

Monday’s recipe is:

Birdie Omlette

2 Eggs with shells (thoroughly washed)
2 tbs low-fat Ricotta cheese
¼ cup shredded carrots
¼ cup finely chopped broccoli
Mix ingredients together. Spray a nonstick spray onto stainless steel frying pan. Pour in egg mixture and scramble until firm. You can substitute other vegetables if so desired.

Hope you enjoy…wing hugs, Chef Taz

Come visit me, TAZ ~ SUMMER IS HERE..., Scoober ♥ Chyna...Happy Hatchday Sweetie, CHICA ~ Justice for Ozzi, ROSIE ~ HAPPY SPRING, NAPOLEON & CHI CHI ON THE LAKE, SUZI ~ IN THE WATER WITH GUS, THE GREY'T GREY WINGS - THANKS TEAM, The Proctors... CONGRATULATIONS TO THE HAWKS!, SIMON~THANKS EVERYBIRDIE 4 MY HATCH & BOTD WISHES, Chloe ~ MISS YOU SO MUCH GIZZY ♥ & JEWELS ~ Sum, Sum, Summertime.

09/02/2012 09:21.33 PM Report This Comment  
  hi pal
its chaka

Come visit me, chaka's campaign story, Prayer Requests, Chaka#215291 ty 4 botd 062914, Botm Winners Circle-VOTE SPOT & CHAKA & CALY'S BUFFET & GROCERY.

08/31/2012 06:28.45 PM Report This Comment  
  Hi Juni, that pic is soooo cute!
look at the new pics of the photo shoot with the pals at the beach today! That's only mum's pics, but there's heaps more & nicer ones to come
Mum went with Sandi, my vet's nurse, she's a real good photographer, but it'll be a few days till mum gets her pics. It was a real nice day for it too, nice & sunny & warm.
The first pic is of a flock of black cockatoos flying over head! It's really hard to get a good pic of that, but better than nothing!
Hope you had a good day as well,
v4u & a big hug,
Jivu ♥

Come visit me, Hi everybirdie, i'm back!!!!.

08/08/2012 04:27.07 AM Report This Comment  
  Hello Juni~
I hope your weekend was fabulous! I actually had a summer weekend! It was over 90 both days and we even dragged the portable AC out. We've had the thing for years and only used it about 8 times!
I ended up being put in the bedroom yesterday afternoon because someone was using a BBQ. Mom smelled the stinky lighter fluid and said we should go play on the bed for a while. I didn't mind because I love running around on the bed. I have this big plastic ball with little plastic balls inside with bells! My dearest Ceasaur gave it to me and I love chasing it on the bed! I throw it off the bed and get mom to fetch it for me! She is a very well trained mom!hehehehe
I hope your day is just wonderful! Mom has lots to get done around the house and I'm going to supervise until I get bored. Then I'll hit the play cage for a snack and some toy time! I'll still be there to shout words of engouragement to mom should she need them or not!LOL
Love, hugs and a vote ~ Sugar

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

08/06/2012 12:24.02 PM Report This Comment  
  Juni
I think Polly told me you are only sometimes on BC. Please let me know if you want any of my speeches.
Day 4
“Polly, POLLY, Polly”

Bells being clanged angrily. “WHAT??”

“It's time to do my Castle Lore”

“SO?”

“Polly, you said you would help me.”

“Will you stay OFF MY CAGE?”

“For now, if you will help”

“OK. Piccolo today”

[Stars and Stripes Forever, or as dad calls it PICCOLOS Forever]

With many apologies to those birds who well remember this event, and for shamelessly copying pages that some of you have read. (I was trying to get as much pre-typed as possible and was going with what info was easily available. Since I want to make the game today, I am not fixing the c/p that did not work very well. To see the GOOD program, please visit the wedding page listed below.) Please forgive me.

The wedding party of the Wedding of the BIRD Century was:
BIRDSMAIDS; GROOMSBIRDS:
PEANUT- BIRDMAID OF HONOR JACK- BEST BIRDMAN
KACEY MIKEY
PRINGLE MAXI
KELLY *V* POIROT
COCOPUFF DJIMO
ASHA APOLLO
JENNY LYNN PICO
MAXIE WONDERBIRD CODIE
BABYGIRL KANYE

CHRISTY DALLAS IN CHARGE OF GUEST REGISTRY BOOK WITH HELP OF CHICO

TURK IN CHARGE OF CATERING AND WEDDING CAKE

PIERRE IS RING BEARER

BEAVIS IS THE HONOR BIRD AND WALKS SWEETPEPPER DOWN THE AISLE & GIVES HER AWAY

JAKE MINISTER, OFFICIATES THE WEDDING, IS DJ AND PLAYS MUSIC FOR RECEPTION

DEWEY GUARDIAN OF THE WEDDING GIFTS

PEANUT & CODIE, SWEETPEPPER & KIDDO'S BEST FRIENDS WILL GO ON HONEYMOON WITH THEM AS SPECIAL GUEST
HONEYMOON WILL BE SPENT IN AUSTRALIA & NEW ZEALAND FOR AN ELEVEN DAY TRIP

Now, since this happened in the early days of the castle, several birds have gone to the Rainbow Bridge, others have disappeared. But they are held in memory in this wedding.
I made copies of a couple of the wedding photos, but if you would like to view ALL of them, go to the wedding page #135201, or my preferred method. I go to the Bird eClub Profiles and type in sweetpepper, and the wedding page is one of the options.

Thank you so much for your votes. It is fun for me to learn about the history of BC.
Zippy

Come visit me, Polly; V4 ZEENA #255116 BOTM; Red White Blue & Zippy; V4 Zeena #255116 BOTM Fireworks time.

08/04/2012 11:39.21 AM Report This Comment  
  Juni, what do you think of your pal?
I'm Polly's fister. This is my first speech, let me know if you want the other 2.
Hello
Today I thought I would introduce myself and set the 'stage'. For my campaign for BOTM I would like to consider the history of the Castle, where all BOTM and BOTD reside. I have asked Polly to provide some atmosphere by playing minstrel. He will accompany me on his lute.
“Hey Zippy, its a banjo”
“Polly, what about your guitar?”
“I broke my last one at the Western Milonga when I was 'El Kabong'”
“Don't you at least have a mandolin? It would be a little closer to what I was thinking.”
Polly shakes his head.
“O.K., with background music on a banjo, I will attempt to narrate some history.”
Way, way, way back in time, our dear friend Kelly *v* became BOTW (Sept. 2008). On the last day of her reign, Kelly threw a party. BOTW Kelly *v* issued invitations to a Masquerade. Kiddo showed up as a knight. Kelly's skinmom made her a beaded crown which she wore for her pictures. Thereby was the custom of wearing crowns instituted. Upon her coronation as BOTM, (Oct. 2008), she declared the party to be at the castle. And behold, in the magic that is of BC, a castle appeared. And then did Queen Kelly's many friends party.

Many thanks to Kelly *v* Miss SweetPepper pointed out to me that many NEW to BC birds do not know what is going on with B(ird)O(f)T(he)D(ay)/BOTD and B(ird)O(f)T(he)M(onth)/BOTM.
The BOTD is the bird with the most votes in one day. The day following the votes, that bird has its profile picture in the Bird of the Day spot on the right side bar. The 'account' also receives 1000 points.
Now the BOTM is the bird with the most for a whole month. The 'account' receives 10,000 points. To see the BOTM, go to the Bird Eclub on the left side bar. Scroll past the Birdie Quiz to the next set of tabs. On the very right is Top Bird. Click there and you will find the BOTM. Click on the name, and you will get to that bird's page, and you can find out what has been happening in the castle. The birds on BC honor our BOTM by referring to the bird as King or Queen for the month of their reign. The castle is in our imagination, although a page is being set up, #239094 (#234862 not active in 64 days as of 7/29/12).
There has been a campaign for BOTM. The month prior to the honor, the bird running, visits as many birds as the campaigner is able, soliciting votes. Recently the campaigns have had a theme.
Every day, the castle is the residence of the BOTD along with that month's BOTM.
A piece of history is that back a few years ago there was BOTW (Bird of the Week) instead of BOTD. So you will find BOTW awards in the award section of pages.
ANOTHER point of interest is that although you only get points for 1 vote and 1 blog per day, you may vote (for different birds) AND blog multiple times in one day.
Hope this is helpful, and please VOTE 4 ME.
Zippy
Miss SweetPepper pointed out to me that many NEW to BC birds do not know what is going on with B(ird)O

Come visit me, Polly; V4 ZEENA #255116 BOTM; Red White Blue & Zippy; V4 Zeena #255116 BOTM Fireworks time.

08/03/2012 05:12.39 PM Report This Comment  
  Hi ya Juni~
I hope your day is going great! I've got rain, thunder and lightening! It's been this way since last night and even tho it's raining pretty good out there, the gardeners are still here working! I don't know how they are going to get all the grass cut with it being all soggy!
Mom and the kids went to see Dark Knight Rises last night at midnight. Mom liked it but said it was her least favorite of the 3 movies. Brother said it was the first Batman movie where he actually liked Catwoman!
When they got home they saw the news about the tragedy in Colorado and it ruined the experience for them. None of it makes sense at all and we all said a prayer for the families who are having to deal with the loss today.
I am going to help with chores today, or at least supervise them! I don't think there will be any kid's in the pool to yell at unless the rain and lightening stop! Bummer!!!!!
Enjoy your day! Stomping out a vote and leaving a big hug for you!
Love you ~ Sugar

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

07/20/2012 12:14.23 PM Report This Comment  
  TRUE LOVE & THE PIRATE
Arrrr...Here comes the tale of a pirate that threw it all away fer the love of a woman! At least she were a Pirate woman! But first, let me introduce to you, the pirate, Calico Jack Rackham.

Jack Rackham started his sailing career as a QuarterMaster on an English warship called the Neptune. The Neptune's captain, Charles Vane, came upon a French man-o-war one day & instead of engaging this ship, he turned tail & ran! The crew was so disgusted that they committed mutiny against Vane & voted Rackham to be their new Captain. Upon doing so, Rackham had them pursue the French vessel in which they successfully brought under their control & it was rich with loot! Having abandoned Captain Vane & all of his followers on a deserted island & having just committed mutiny, Jack Rackham suggested they embark on a pirate's life in which the crew agreed. With the spoils from the French man-o-war, they set their sails for the Leeward Islands

After arriving in Jamaica, he sailed to New Providence in order to claim the amnesty that the King was issuing to certain pirates. As Calico Jack listened & waited for word that his amnesty had been granted, he met & fell in love with a woman named Anne Bonny. She was a married woman. Married to a pirate! As the days went by, Jack Rackham & Anne Bonny grew increasingly closer & making their love for one another public. This only added to the troubles Jack Rackham was about to find himself in. Bonny's husband, James, went to the governor to file charges of adultery. The governor offered Jack Rackham to purchase Anne Bonny, so granting a divorce by purchase but Anne Bonny would not agree to being bought & sold like an animal. The alternative was to be publicly flogged. Taking on the disguise of a man, she & Calico Jack acquired a new crew & stole a sloop. They headed out to sea thus voiding the amnesty that Calico Jack Rackham would have received from the King. For 2 months they sailed, overtaking & attacking other pirates & smaller fishing vessels. Captain Calico Jack would always invite the pirates to join his crew. Many of them did just that!

From this motley crew of deserters, marauders, murderers, & villains, a certain crewman did attract the fancy of Anne Bonny. It was none other than Mary Read who likewise had taken on a life of piracy by disguising herself as a man. Calico Jack became jealous & threatened to kill the new pirate until Anne confessed to him her true identity. Calico Jack agreed to keep her secret & she was one of his crew. Both she & Anne Bonny fought along side those of their crew mates & did the tasks assigned them with no one knowing except for Calico Jack. (Aye, & these were the naves who thought a manatee was a mermaid! Garrrr!)

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/19/2012 09:52.38 AM Report This Comment  
  continued
As they sailed & terrorized fishermen & the coastal towns & villages of Jamaica, word was sent to the governor at that time that Calico Jack Rackham was again pillaging the good folk of Jamaica. They knew well his distinct Jolly Roger he designed himself as the skull with two crossed swords. Governor Nicholas Lawes thus sent the renowned pirate hunter, Captain Jonathan Barnett to pursue & bring to justice Captain Calico Jack Rackham & all his crew.

It wasn't long before Captain Barnett caught up to a drunkened crew sleeping & anchored in the bay of Pointe Negril, Jamaica in October of 1720. They were all apprehended & taken back to Spanish Town, Jamaica where they were tried & all found guilty of piracy. Captain Calico Jack Rackham was made to watch each of his crewmen hanged by the neck. Except for two. Anne Bonny & Mary Read revealed their true identifty & claimed to be pregnant, avoiding the hangman's noose. Just before Calico Jack was taken for execution, they allowed him one last visit with his true love, Anne Bonny. Upon seeing Jack Rackham the only words that were said to him hung in the air like icicles, "I'm sorry to see you here, but had you fought like a man, you needn't hang like a dog." Captain Jack Rackham was taken to be executed in Port Royal, Jamaica, where he was to be hanged on November 18, 1720. But that t'weren't the end of ole' Jack. Narrrr....they gibbeted his body in a tight cage where he was to rot fer evermore, hanging at the entrance to Port Royal & warning others who would be thinkin' of pirating ways as a easy way of life.

There is the sad tale of Calico Jack Rackham. Some lessons to be learned from him, that's for sure! Thank ye fer smite'n the vote button of this scraggled varmint! How about a game of rummy?
Narrrrr...not with them cards! With this hootch!

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/19/2012 09:51.47 AM Report This Comment  
  Sam studies a sextant as he holds it up to the
horizon. Good to see you here today, lads & lassies!

To finish up on them privateers, I has to tells ye that long long ago, half of a country's naval forces were comprised by privateers. They helped in many different ways of giving a country a solid fighting force or not. It dumbfounds me as why they would dare to treat them so treacherously!

Some of the most famous privateers that come to mind are the Barbary Coast Corsairs of the Mediterranean Sea. They worked for the Ottoman Empire. Also the Maltese Corsairs were privateers who alligned themselves with the Knights of St. John. Another well known fleet were the Dunkirkers who were in service for the Spanish Empire. In the years between 1626-1634, the Dunkirk privateers captured 1,499 ships & sank 336. From the years 1609-1616, England lost 466 merchant ships to the Barbary Corsairs & 160 British ships were captured by Algerians from 1677 to 1680. A very famous privateer who is no doubt someone you have heard of, is Sir Francis Drake. His patron was Queen Elizabeth I & it would go to show that their relationship turned a handsome profit for England.

In the Nine Years War, France would encourage the privateers to join up with them. One who did was named Jean Bart. He agreed to attack English and Dutch merchant ships. England lost approximately 4000 ships during that war. During the War of Austrian Succession, Britain lost 3,238 merchant ships & France lost 3,434 merchant ships to the British. During King George's War, approximately 36,000 Americans served aboard privateers at one time or another. During the American Revolution, about 55,000 American seamen served aboard the privateers. The American privateers had almost 1,700 ships, & they captured 2,283 enemy ships. Between the end of the Revolutionary War & War of 1812, less than 30 years, Britain, France, Naples, the Barbary States, Spain, & the Netherlands seized approximately 2,500 American ships. Payments in ransom & tribute to the Barbary states amounted to 20% of United States government annual revenues in 1800. Throughout the American Civil War, Confederate privateers successfully harassed Union merchant ships.

Privateering lost international sanction under the Declaration of Paris in 1856. Spanish Succession reeled in 3,250 ships by their privateers.

Well, blow me down with a feather! That be a lot of ships to be losing! Woooweeee! I wouldn't want to be in their shoes when the captains came about! Thank ye, fer votin' for me! aaarrrrrggghhh!

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/17/2012 11:15.51 AM Report This Comment  
  Pirate Vs. Privateer What's the Difference?
I've been hearin' some of ye wonderin' what were the differences between a privateer & a pirate?
A private owner of his own vessel would sometimes be approached by that owner's government to come work for them as someone who intercepted goods, weapons, & revenue from the enemies of their country. That meant goods going to and coming from. The private owner was usually made to feel patriotic for coming forward to do this duty that wasn't for the faint of heart. They were given a written document, a letter of marque, (a permission note for ye younger lads & lassies) that was signed by the govenment or the monarch of that country that the "privateer" would be working for. This letter would name exactly what countries & types of cargo this privateer was confiscating The word "corsair" is just another word meaning "privateer"
The letter of marque was recognized as a valid document by the international convention. This means as long as the privateer/corsair only did what was stated as his commission, he could not be charged with piracy. But therein lies the problem,
this nicety of law didn't always save the individuals concerned. Whether one was considered a pirate or a legally operating privateer often depended on whose custody the individual found himself in—that of the country that had issued the commission, or that of the object of attack. Spanish authorities were known to execute foreign privateers with their letters of marque hung around their necks to emphasize Spain's rejection of such defenses.
Many privateers/corsairs also exceeded their bounds that they agreed to on the marque. They did break their contracts when they attacked allies or even other governmental or royal ships. To do so is treason and an act of war. On the other side of the coin, those countries who were neutral & having no conflict with either side nor was taking cargo to the enemy mentioned on the marque, the privateer could still intercept & confiscate that merchant's ship & cargo. It would be written down with a flim-flam excuse usually saying that the Captain determined it was sailing for the enemy's domain.
The privateers Thomas Tew and William Kidd (the original Billy the Kidd?) were alledgedly tried & hung for this offense although the evidence was purely hearsay.

If'n ye are thinkin' that it were a slippery slope to dare sign in as a privateer with one's government, ye would be correct! Tomorrow I will be showin' ye the numbers of ships that met Davy Jones' locker because such signings with the 'devil'! Privateers could be much more ruthless that the squirmin' dogs the pirates themselves!
I appreciate ye vote & yer time, too! Let's get a pint of rum now!

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/16/2012 12:45.07 PM Report This Comment  
  Pirate Sam is going over some maritime charts.....
He hears a noise & suddenly turns to face YOU! Arrggghh! Are ya comin' back to hear about the Royal Navy's outlandish treatment of the men who sailed those ships? Well, get yer sea legs readied because we'll be lookin' at that right now!

Why serve for the Royal Navy?

That was the question fer every abled bodied man when looking for a job. Should I join Her Majesty's Royal Navy?. The treatment & payment of each individual sailor was shabby at best! It wasn't just the fact that the wages were so low, but also that collecting wages were extremely hard because the "authorities" would find a way to hang on to it as much as they could.
An ordinary seamen in the Royal Navy received 19s per month to be paid in a lump sum at the end of a tour of duty which was around half the rate paid in the Merchant Navy. However, corrupt officers would often "tax" their crews' wage to supplement their own & the Royal Navy of the day was infamous for its reluctance to pay. From their meager wages, 6d per month was deducted for the maintenance of Greenwich Hospital with similar amounts deducted for the Chatham Chest, the chaplain & surgeon. Six months' pay was withheld to discourage desertion.
ARGH!! That makes me blood boil! No wonder pirates had such mistrust of uniformed sailors! They be legal type pirates!
Holding a crewman's pay was proved an insufficient incentive as it was revealed in a report on proposed changes to the RN by Admiral Nelson. He wrote in 1803; he noted that since 1793 more than 42,000 sailors had deserted. Roughly half of all RN crews were pressganged & these not only received lower wages than volunteers but were shackled while the vessel was docked & were never permitted to go ashore until released from service. To be "pressedganged" meant that you were forced to serve on Her Majesties' Royal Navy.

While the Royal Navy was ripe with morale issues, some issues of the day about prize money were addressed in the "Cruizers and Convoys" Act of 1708. It handed over the share that usually went to the royalty that was in charge, now handed it over to those who captured the ship. Not to say that the Crown never got the money or some part of it, but it rarely happened. The judging or condemnation of a ship, its crew, and its cargo now was determined by the High Court of the Admiralty & this process remained in force with little change up to the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars

There was a great deal of money to be made this way.
the record breaker, admittedly before our wars, was the capture of the Spanish frigate the Hermione, which was carrying treasure in 1762. The value of this was so great that each individual seaman netted £485 ($1.4 million in 2008 dollars). The two captains responsible, Evans and Pownall, got just £65,000 each ($188.4 million).

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/15/2012 10:35.41 AM Report This Comment  
  continued
It should also be noted that those ships that were able to take this & other high paying captures were themselves frigates. They were smaller but the larger "man-o-war" types were too big & too slow.

Aye! Matey's! It takes a fast ship to capture another fast ship! Tell us something we don't know! Arrr....Thank ye fer your vote More to come tomorrow.

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/15/2012 10:35.12 AM Report This Comment  
  ZZZZZ ZZZZZ ZZZZZZ..
Sam sleeps in a tilted back chair that is teetering on its back 2 legs. zzzz zzzzz zzzzZZZ!! Sam suddenly awakens to your presence, loses his balance & BLAM, he is flat on his back! He jumps up embarrassed but tries to fake an "I meant to do that" moment!
Now, what was it I was gonna tell ye?? It is vastly important! Ah...yes!

Pirates had a system of hierarchy on board their ships determining how captured money was distributed. However, pirates were of the belief that all men were equals more than any other area of employment at the time. In fact pirate quartermasters were a counterbalance to the captain & had the power to veto his orders. The majority of plunder was in the form of cargo & ship's equipment with medicines the most highly prized items. A vessel's doctor's chest would be worth anywhere from £300 to £400, or around $470,000 in today's values. Jewels were common plunder but not popular as they were hard to sell, & pirates, unlike the public of today, had little concept of their value. There is one case recorded where a pirate was given a large diamond worth a great deal more than the value of the handful of small diamonds given his crewmates as a share. He felt cheated & had it broken up to match what they received.

Spanish pieces of eight minted in Mexico or Seville were the standard trade currency in the American colonies. However, every colony still used the monetary units of pounds, shillings and pence for bookkeeping while Spanish, German, French and Portuguese money were all standard mediums of exchange as British law prohibited the export of British silver coinage. Until the exchange rates were standardised in the late 18th century each colony legislated its own different exchange rates. In England, 1 piece of eight was worth 4s 3d while it was worth 8s in New York, 7s 6d in Pennsylvania and 6s 8d in Virginia. One 18th century English shilling was worth around $58 in modern currency so a piece of eight could be worth anywhere from $246 to $465. As such, the value of pirate plunder could vary considerably depending on who recorded it & where

Ordinary seamen received a part of the plunder at the captain's discretion but usually a single share. On average, a pirate could expect the equivalent of a year's wages as his share from each ship captured while the crew of the most successful pirates would often each receive a share valued at around £1,000 ($1.17 million) at least once in their career. One of the larger amounts taken from a single ship was that by captain Thomas Tew from an Indian merchantman in 1692. Each ordinary seaman on his ship received a share worth £3,000 ($3.5 million) with officers receiving proportionally larger amounts as per the agreed shares with Tew himself receiving 2½ shares. It is known there were actions with multiple ships captured where a single share was worth almost double this.

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/14/2012 07:53.04 AM Report This Comment  
  continued
Well, are ye able to see the lucrative prospects from living with a bunch of riffraff & scurvey dogs?
If'n ye thinks ye don't have a measurement for comparrison, I'm about to show you the difference with the "legal" naval forces in comparrison to what ye have learned today. Remember, lots of pirates were runaways from those navy ships! You will see why soon! I thanky so much fer takin' yer time to leave a vote & reads what used to be! Arrrr...now let's plays some mumbley-peg! Ye have yer knife handy?

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/14/2012 07:52.35 AM Report This Comment  
  Now We're Gonna Learn About
....some other interesting things about pirates. The social norms that pirates expected on the ships they served.

Pirate Democracy

Unlike traditional Western societies of the time, many Caribbean pirate crews of European descent operated as limited democracies. Pirate communities were some of the first to instate a system of checks & balances similar to the one used by the present-day United States & many other countries. The first record of such a government aboard a pirate sloop dates to the 17th century.

Both the captain & the quartermaster were elected by the crew; they, in turn, appointed the other ship's officers. The captain of a pirate ship was often a fierce fighter in whom the men could place their trust, rather than a more traditional authority figure sanctioned by an elite. However, when not in battle, the quartermaster usually had the real authority. Many groups of pirates shared in whatever they seized; pirates injured in battle might be afforded special compensation similar to medical or disability insurance.

There are contemporary records that many pirates placed a portion of any captured money into a central fund that was used to compensate the injuries sustained by the crew. Lists show standardised payments of 600 pieces of eight ($156,000 in modern currency) for the loss of a leg down to 100 pieces ($26,800) for loss of an eye. Often all of these terms were agreed upon & written down by the pirates, but these articles could also be used as incriminating proof that they were outlaws.

Rewards Divided

Even though pirates raided many ships, few, if any, buried their treasure. Often, the "treasure" that was stolen was food, water, alcohol, weapons, or clothing. Other things they stole were household items like bits of soap & gear like rope & anchors, or sometimes they would keep the ship they captured (either to sell off or keep because it was better than their ship). Such items were likely to be needed immediately, rather than saved for future trade. For this reason, there was no reason for the pirates to bury these goods. Pirates tended to kill few people aboard the ships they captured; usually they would kill no one if the ship surrendered because, if it became known that pirates took no prisoners, their victims would fight to the last & make victory both very difficult & costly in lives. In contrast, ships would quickly surrender if they knew they would be spared. In one well-documented case 300 heavily armed soldiers on a ship attacked by Thomas Tew surrendered after a brief battle with none of Tew's 40-man crew being injured.

No wonder we're such a happy lot! I can't wait to set sail once again with me Captain Ceasaur! (Sam snaps off a salute!)
Thanks fer your vote! Let's play us some 21, matey! Arrrrrr

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/13/2012 08:49.26 AM Report This Comment  
  Hello Juni~
How are you doing? I wish there was some exciting news to share with you, but it's been pretty quiet around here. We've had really nice weather but not too many people have been using the pool, so I haven't had too many people to yell at! The good news is that the gardeners will be here tomorrow and they are good for at least an hour of yelling!!
It's our weekend now and I've been helping mom clean the house. We threw out a whole bunch of paper today. I wanted to chew it all up but mom doesn't let me have anything with ink on it!
I hope your evening is just wonderful! Sleep tight and sweet dreams!!
Love and a bedtime hug and vote ~ Sugar

Come visit me, Little Angel's Bridal Shower, BOTD ARCHIVES, Sugar and Pippo have joined the Circus!!! & The Calendar Page~July's Birthstone is the Ruby.

07/12/2012 09:47.50 PM Report This Comment  
  Har Har Har! I Likes To Be Cruisin' the Caribbean
Ocean piracy, off the coasts of North America, continued as late as the 1870s. Pirates who operated in the Caribbean often sailed north to attack targets off the present day eastern seaboard of the United States. Possibly the most famous of these was Blackbeard, who operated in the American south, attacking ships & at one point even blockading Charleston, South Carolina. Later in the 19th century, after the Golden Age of Piracy, Jean Lafitte became what is considered by many to be the last buccaneer due to his army of pirates & fleet of pirate ships which held bases in & around the Gulf of Mexico. Lafitte & his men participated in the War of 1812 battle of New Orleans & later his ships fought the United States Navy & the United States Revenue Cutter Service. Eventually, Lafitte was evicted from the area by United States forces after several accidental sinking of U.S ships due to the rest of the crew attacking an American ship, thinking it was a Mexican ship Between 1822 & 1825, the American West Indies Squadron fought against pirates in the Caribbean.

By 1830, piracy in the Gulf of Mexico became rare with the exception of slave traders, who were considered pirates. In 1860 during the Reform War, the United States Navy fought the Battle of Anton Lizardo against rebels which were declared pirates by the Mexican government. In 1870, the United States again fought pirates off Mexico during the Battle of Boca Teacapan. The pirates had attacked & captured Guaymas, Mexico, looted the foreign residents of their belongings & forced the United States consulate in Guaymas to provide their steamer with coal, after which they sailed for Boca Teacapan, Sinaloa. A United States Navy expedition under Willard H. Brownson was launched, resulting in the destruction of the pirate ship. The invention of steam powered vessels eventually put an end to piracy off North America though some isolated incidents continued to occur into the 1920s.

Bless you for your continued support of stomping by my space. It has been some fun & then learnin' too. I'll see you tomorrow! Thank ye fer your vote, SamIAm

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/12/2012 10:57.01 AM Report This Comment  
  Pirate Sam Is Busy Digging A Deep
hole. to bury some treasure when he stops, listens, then peeks out of the sandy pit looking....AT YOU! ARRRGGHH! Now I have to stop this dig & start another site! We will have to move all this when ye leaves! Garrrr!!!


Piracy in the Caribbean declined for the next several decades after 1730, but by the 1810s many pirates roamed American waters though they were not as bold or successful as their predecessors. Throughout the first quarter of the 19th century, the United States Navy repeatedly engaged pirates in the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and in the Mediterranean. Several warships were designed specifically for the task. The most successful pirates of the era were Jean Lafitte and Roberto Cofresi. Lafitte's ships operated primarily in the Gulf of Mexico but Cofresi's base was in Puerto Rico where he was considered a type of Robin Hood by many Puerto Ricans. Eventually he was defeated by the schooner USS Grampus & captured in 1825. The United States landed shore parties on several islands in the Caribbean in pursuit of pirates; Cuba was a major haven. By the 1830s piracy had died out again, & the navies of the region focused on the slave trade.

In 1827, Britain declared that participation in the slave trade was piracy, a crime punishable by death. The power of the Royal Navy was subsequently used to suppress the slave trade, & while some illegal trade (mostly with Brazil & Cuba) continued, the Atlantic slave trade would be eradicated by the middle of the 19th century.

In the 20th Century, one notable pirate active in the Caribbean was Boysie Singh. He operated off northern South America. He & his pirate gang killed several people & plundered their ships from 1947 to 1956.

Recently, with the proliferation of small private yachts cruising the Caribbean, piracy is again on the rise with many yachts being plundered & their crews often tortured, raped or slain.

Aye lads & lassies. Yer attention to me pirate info makes me proud we have so many pirate-wanna-bees!
It does shiver me timbers! See ye tomorrow & again, thank'ye kindley fer yer vote! SamIAm

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/11/2012 07:32.16 AM Report This Comment  
  Let's Turn the Globe To A Place....
that will be familiar to many of you. Not only will we turn the globe but our hour glasses too. We are going to be looking at the Caribbean Sea Pirates

When the Spanish became very active in this region of the world, "The NEW World" many were calling it.
In 1523, Jean Fleury was the first to seize 2 Spanish treasure ships filled with Aztec gold heading back to their homeland. The word got out to the other opportunists that this was a greyt place for acquiring some wealth! Being that in these times it takes a while to get information back & forth, the real age of piracy in the Caribbean was from 1560 to the mid 1720's.

The time which pirates were most successful was from 1700 until the 1730s. Many pirates came to the Caribbean after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession. They stayed in the Caribbean & became pirates. Others, the buccaneers, arrived in the mid-to-late 17th century & made attempts at earning a living by farming & hunting on Hispaniola & nearby islands. It were a sad time, matey's when they became landlubbers! But they were pressed by Spanish raids & possibly failure of their means of making a living (wild herds having been deliberately wiped out by the Spanish) they turned to a more lucrative occupation. Caribbean piracy arose out of, & on a smaller scale mirrored, the conflicts over trade & colonization among the rival European powers of the time including the empires of Britain, Spain, the Netherlands, Portugal & France. Most of these pirates were of English, Dutch & French origin, but occasionally Spaniards turned to piracy as well. Because Spain controlled most of the Caribbean, many of the attacked cities and ships belonged to the Spanish Empire & along the East coast of America & the West coast of Africa. Dutch ships captured about 500 Spanish & Portuguese ships between 1623 and 1638. Some of the best-known pirate bases were New Providence, in the Bahamas from 1715 to 1725, Tortuga established in the 1640s and Port Royal after 1655. Among the most famous Caribbean pirates are Edward Teach or Blackbeard, Calico Jack Rackham, Henry Morgan & Bartholomew Roberts. Another famous pirate of this era was Hendrick Lucifer, who fought for hours to acquire Cuban gold, becoming mortally wounded in the process. He died of his wounds hours after having transferred the booty to his ship. Most pirates were eventually hunted down by the Royal Navy & killed or captured; several battles were fought between the brigands & the colonial powers on both land & sea.

Aye, me matey's! Ye remember sailing the waters of the Dry Tortugas, right? Nary a drop of drinkable water be there! But many a reef to keep a ship guarded. Unless they happen to have them long range guns! GAARRRR!!! Load them UP, Mr. Arthur Alex & fire at will!

I'll be seein' ye tomorrow as we continue Pirate History. Thank'ye kindly fer yer time & vote.

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/10/2012 11:26.44 AM Report This Comment  
  There's More Meat On The Bone Fer Pirating ARRR!
Now's the time to tell ye of the " pirate republic". I know that sounds farfetched but it be true!

A fine example of a pirate republic in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century was Zaporizhian Sich. It were siituated in the remote Steppe. It was populated with Ukrainian peasants that had run away from their feudal masters, outlaws of every sort, destitute gentry, run-away slaves from Turkish galleys, etc. The remoteness of the place & the rapids at the Dnepr river effectively guarded the place from invasions of vengeful powers. The main target of the inhabitants of Zaporizhian Sich who called themselves "Cossacks" were rich settlements at the Black Sea shores of Ottoman Empire & Crimean Khanate. By 1615-1625, Zaporozhian Cossacks had even managed to raze townships on the outskirts of Istanbul, forcing the Ottoman Sultan to flee his palace. Don Cossacks under Stenka Razin even ravaged the Persian coasts.


The Barbary corsairs were pirates & privateers that operated from North African (the "Barbary Coast") ports of the countries of Algiers, Tunis, Tripoli & ports in Morocco, preying on shipping in the western Mediterranean Sea from the time of the Crusades as well as on ships on their way to Asia around Africa until the early 19th century. The coastal villages & towns of Italy, Spain & Mediterranean islands were frequently attacked by them & long stretches of the Italian & Spanish coasts were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants; after 1600 Barbary corsairs occasionally entered the Atlantic & struck as far north as Iceland. According to Robert Davis " between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by Barbary corsairs & sold as slaves in North Africa & the Ottoman Empire between the 16th & 19th centuries.(Robert Davis: historian who wrote the book Christian Slaves Muslim Masters, White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500 to 1800) The most famous corsairs were the Ottoman Hayreddin & his older brother Oruç Reis (Redbeard), Turgut Reis (known as Dragut in the West), Kurtoglu (known as Curtogoli in the West), Kemal Reis, Salih Reis and Koca Murat Reis. A few Barbary corsairs, such as the Dutch Jan Janszoon & the English John Ward (Muslim name Yusuf Reis), were renegade European privateers who had converted to Islam.

According to the U.S. Supreme Court, the United States treated captured Barbary corsairs as prisoners of war, indicating that they were considered as legitimate privateers by at least some of their opponents, as well as by their home countries.

From Eastern Europe ye have them Cossacks & Uskoks building a republic of misfits but smart enough to establish themselves near rapids! That be a bit of pirate safety measurements!

Then in North Africa ye have them rascals the Barbary corsairs! 1 million to 1.25 million Europeans taken captive! And where did they ALL GO? I thank ye fer ye vote!.

Come visit me, Silver Sluggers Page Where Greyt Things Happen & Sam says, Lots of fun in the summertime!.

07/09/2012 09:04.54 AM Report This Comment  
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Hi my name's Limon Dijon Lynn Dallas~ Hello new BC friends

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